The TPACK Framework


TPACK is a framework that helps educators transfer their knowledge of pedagogical practice and content into technology enhanced learning experiences.

The framework integrates technology, pedagogical and content knowledge, or TPACK.

Asking these three questions can help you plan a VR lesson that will engage students and achieve your learning objectives.

Applying the TPACK Framework

Your lesson objective:

Students can orally narrate a story. (A2+/B1)

Technological Knowledge: Immerse VR learners can work in groups and have access to a virtual reality camera.

Pedagogical Knowledge: Language learners need to speak with others to complete tasks that promote communication.

Content Knowledge: Sequencing language (cardinal numbers, linking language (next, after that, then, etc.).

Table 1. Traditional vs. VR Class Models

Traditional Class

VR Class using TPACK Model

  1. Arrange learners in groups. (PK)

  2. Pass out story pictures.(CK)

  3. Have Ss order pictures to communicate a story. (PCK)

  4. Jigsaw groups, groups take turns sharing their picture story. (PCK)

  1. Arrange learners in virtual groups. (TPK)

  2. Have Ss use Camera to take pictures that tell a story. (TCK)

  3. Have Ss order VR pictures to communicate their story. (TPCK)

  4. Jigsaw virtual teams, take turns sharing their picture story. (TPCK)

Creating Powerful Language Learning Experiences

The Immerse application has a variety of tools and resources to help educators create engaging English language learning experiences.


This series of guides are designed to show how a rich understanding of the affordances of VR technology will inspire great lesson ideas that develop language knowledge, promote practice, and support fluency.

In these model lessons note how we incorporate multiple different aspects of VR to bring to life rich, engaging, experiences. Learning in VR is never limited to one activity or interaction, the world is yours to customize for language learning success.

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